Honolulu Fire Department (2004). American baseball pioneer. Alexander Joy Cartwright, Jr. was one of seven children born to a New York City sea merchant in 1820. News reached New York by September of that year. New York Public Library (2006). Bruce Jr.’s lineage can be traced to having three children, two of whom died quite young (Bruce III and Coleman), and another, William, who married Margery and had one daughter Jane. Played between two teams, the game of Baseball is quite interesting and challenging. Accordingly, it was common during the early part of the nineteenth century in New York to see men gathering in the street or vacant lots for a game of ball after their work was done for the day. Here lies Alexander Cartwright, one of the Fathers of Baseball who created some of its earliest rules. Or maybe he was just A Guy Who Played Baseball in its earliest development and gets more credit than he deserves. Born Alexander Joy Cartwright, Jr. on April 17, 1820 in New York City, Cartwright later in his life was to be recognized as the founder of baseball. The controversy over Cartwright continues to this day. Alexander Cartwright: The Life behind the Baseball Legend by Monica Nucciarone (2009-06-01) on Amazon.com. “Careful analysis characterizes this striking new book evaluating the contribution of Alexander Cartwright to early baseball. They had two daughters — Ruth Joy and Mary Muriel. ", Primary Team: Knickerbocker Base Ball Club, Privacy Statement/Your California Privacy Rights. Ask baseball fans the name of their sport's founder, and most will answer "Abner Doubleday. Alexander Cartwright. Cartwright was the king’s financial advisor. Joel Zoss and John Bowman address “The Cartwright Myth,” comparing various aspects of the game attributed to Cartwright to actual evidence in existence or the lack thereof. J. Rasmussen’s research of Wagon Train Lists documents men who accompanied Cartwright in the same overland company. The Man Who Invented Baseball. Special thanks to Tom Shieber of National Baseball Hall of Fame; Reed Hayes of Hawaii, Nanette Napoleon of Hawaii, DeSoto Brown of Bishop Museum, Barbara Dunn of Hawaiian Historical Society, John Thorn of New York, and Angus MacFarlane of California for their research assistance. The game of baseball was created by Alexander Cartwright Jr., the founder of the New York Knickerbocker Base Ball Club, in 1845. He later earned his living as a clerk for Union Bank of New York. Diamonds in the Rough: the Untold History of Baseball. To this day, Doubleday has not been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Alexander Joy Cartwright (1820-1892) of New York invented the modern baseball field in 1845. Most baseball historians, however, note that the links between Alexander Joy Cartwright, Jr. and the origins of American baseball are much more secure. Often considered a founding father of America’s most beloved sport, Alexander Cartwright remains a legend of the baseball scene. The Reading Room librarian, Mary Burbank, said “Mr. A street and a park nearby were named after Cartwright. Email correspondence, Stingone, William. Later that year, he sailed to Hawaii where he would spend the rest of his life. So, Cartwright simply didn’t do all he did for the game without help, nor was he only possessed by thoughts of baseball. Erikson, Jerry R. “A Freemason was the Father of Baseball.” The Royal Arch Mason (Fall 1962). I also would say that there is no doubt as to Cartwright's heavy Masonic involvements. The man who did perhaps the most to formalize and codify modern baseball was one Alexander Cartwright, a New York City banker. Alexander Joy Cartwright, (born April 17, 1820, New York City, N.Y., U.S.—died July 12, 1892, Honolulu, Hawaii [now in the United States]), chief codifier of the baseball rules from which the present rules were developed. Baseball is 179 years old and was invented in the summer of 1839. It would indeed fill a volume, and be an invaluable text book to place in the hands of the rising generation to reflect upon and emulate.”. However, in light of interviews with other former New York Knickerbockers — Daniel Adams, Duncan Curry, and William Wheaton — uncovered in recent years, Cartwright’s alleged pivotal role has been questioned. Whether it is “Cartwright Rules” or “Knickerbocker Rules,” the rules of baseball are ever-changing. [1] Even if this were the case for the alleged Cartwright Gold Rush journal, why would anything to do with baseball be left out if it was in the original writings? Alexander Cartwright may not have invented baseball, but he certainly helped in making rules and details about how to play it. 269 pp. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1953. Documentation of Cartwright’s doings between June 1846 and March 1849 is scarce. Aside from being declared as “The Father of Modern Baseball,” the plaque lists three rules of the game attributed to Cartwright: “Set Bases 90 Feet Apart; Established 9 Innings as Game; and, 9 Players as Team.” These games migrated to the colonies. The first recorded baseball game was in 1846 when Cartwright’s Knickerbockers lost to the New York Baseball Club in New Jersey. Aside from his duties at the Honolulu Fire Department, Alexander became involved with many other aspects of the city through his involvement with Freemasonry. Cartwright Lineage and Genealogy. As an advisor to the queen, Cartwright was the executor of her Last Will & Testament, in which she left the bulk of her estate to the hospital when she died in 1885. There were twenty rules adopted that day and, believe it or not, these are what has evolved into today's current rules. AKA Alexander Joy Cartwright, Jr. He continued a life of civil service until his death on July 12, 1892, after which his grave became a popular visiting site for many baseball luminaries – including Babe Ruth in 1934. Alexander Cartwright posed with the hailer he used as Chief of Honolulu Fire Department. It was there that the club became a driving force in baseball’s rapid development. Some of the founders wanted to exclude women from membership, but Cartwright disagreed, writing to his brother Alfred: “The idea keeps the blessed ladies out and the children. Informal games played with a bat and ball, like the English game "rounders" were common, but Cartwright and his club wrote the first set of rules and regulations for baseball as we know it today. Cartwright died in 1892 at the age of 72. King Kamehameha V was the first native Hawaiian to become a Freemason. The man who did perhaps the most to formalize and codify modern baseball was one Alexander Cartwright, a New York City banker. 1820-1892. Games like the English "rounders" or the American "town ball" were popular in the Northern states. The game took place in 1875 between the Athletes and the Pensacolas. In a thorough examination of heretofore unearthed evidence, the author reveals how misreading and careless research established the myth of Cartwright’s single-handed creation of the baseball diamond and other basics of the modern game. "-Dorothy Seymour Mills, independent scholar and author of A Woman's Work: Writing Baseball History with Harold Seymour, "Monica Nucciarone puts the legacy of Alexander Cartwright under the microscope in this fascinating and exquisitely researched biography. For example, William Wheaton in an interview in 1887 laid claim to at least two particular rule revisions formerly attributed to Cartwright: the diamond configuration of the playing field and abolishing the rule of throwing the ball at the runner, ordering instead that it should be thrown to the baseman instead to achieve an out. Alexander "Alick" Joy Cartwright Jr. is referred to as a "father of baseball". However, no record exists of Cartwright’s attendance at this event either. In addition to introducing the game of baseball to the Hawaiian Islands, Cartwright is also credited with founding the first fire department in Honolulu. 12, located at Pearl and Cherry Streets. An elaborate gravestone in the Cartwright cemetery plot in Honolulu shows that “Kate Lee” died in Honolulu on November 16, 1851. (SABR, 2004), 51-54. He became a prominent citizen in Honolulu, serving as the city’s first fire chief and as a trusted advisor to Queen Emma of Hawaii. Cartwright and his friends played their first recorded game on October 6, 1845, and continued playing well into late autumn that year. “Centennial Celebration of American Independence.” State Archives of Hawaii (1876), “Cartwright Day, With Leis, on Television.” Hawaiian Gazette. When the alarm went off, the reigning monarch shed his coat, rolled up his sleeves and helped right alongside the other volunteers. 36. The February before he died, a cornerstone was laid in Masonic tradition with members of the lodge present, including the Acting Grand Master, Alexander Cartwright Jr. Peterson, Harold. Zoss, Joel, and John Bowman. Alexander Joy Cartwright, Jr. (April 17, 1820 – July 12, 1892) is one of several people sometimes referred to as a "father of baseball". Yet, no record exists to substantiate this. While Spalding was in Honolulu for his brief, one day stay, he seemed impressed by remarking that Honolulu had four established clubs and that baseball was fully appreciated there. It was invented by Abner Doubleday and Alexander Cartwright. Some of the rules attributed to Alexander Cartwright are: (1) a runner being touched with a ball, rather than hit with it to be considered out; (2) a ball being determined foul if outside the range of first or third base; and (3) one of the most debated of the “Cartwright rules,” the distance between the bases (paced out in a diamond-shaped format with forty-two paces from home to second base, and forty-two paces from first to third base). He also helped found the Honolulu Library and Reading Room, notably advocating for women to be included among the library’s patrons. Paper, $27.95. There is recorded evidence that Cartwright’s Hawaiian-born sons, Bruce and Alex III, played baseball between the 1860s and 1880s in Honolulu. But we do know that the fullness of his contribution to the game’s origins remains one of baseball’s greatest mysteries. Alexander Cartwright. Alexander Cartwright. What is alleged to be the original handwritten diary of that journey, or a portion of it, resides in the Bishop Museum in Honolulu. From … Bruce states that the surviving “notes” with original information by his grandfather are owned by his cousin Mary. Born in New York City on April 17, 1820, to Alexander Joy Cartwright Sr., a merchant sea captain, and his wife Esther Burlock Cartwright, Alex Jr. was one of seven children. When Cartwright reached California he did not stay long, sailing for Hawaii on August 15, 1849. A huge fire in July 1845 destroyed the Union Bank where Cartwright was employed. But it is unclear whether Cartwright actually instituted the playing of the game on the islands. In 1849, Cartwright left New York to join the Gold Rush in the western territories. Some speculation exists that Cartwright was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame as a means of deflecting the growing controversy over Abner Doubleday. In 1938 Alexander Cartwright received the honor of being inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame for his contributions to the nationally played sport. Passenger List of American Ship Eliza Warwick (1851). They did not give up on their ball playing, though. 1820-1892. Cartwright is thought to be the first person to draw a diagram of a diamond shaped baseball field, and the rules of the modern game are based on the Knickerbocker Rules developed by Cartwright and a committee from his club, the Knickerbocker Base Ball … To further question the claims of Cartwright playing and teaching baseball everywhere he went across the plains, one need only read the two other known diaries written by men who accompanied Cartwright out West in 1849. After all the celebrations passed into history and the site for exhibiting the triumphs of baseball became well-known, baseball researchers and historians continued to question “fact” and debunk myth. The other two Cartwright children also died young. “Careful analysis characterizes this striking new book evaluating the contribution of Alexander Cartwright to early baseball. The king suffered an attack of dropsy and died on December 11 (his 42nd birthday). Alexander Joy Cartwright, Jr. (April 17, 1820 – July 12, 1892) is one of several people sometimes referred to as a "father of baseball". Paulding” signed the umpire’s signature line, and Cartwright was not in the line up for that game either. One of the most misleading tributes to Cartwright’s contribution to baseball is the wording on his Hall of Fame plaque. The Knickerbocker Base Ball Club ventured across the Hudson River by ferry to Hoboken, New Jersey. Rounders become popular in the United States in the early 19th century, where the game … Vlasich, James A. Bruce grew up in Honolulu, married and had children, Bruce Jr. and Kathleen DeWitt. Cartwright Obituary. The date is the founder of modern baseball, Alexander Cartwright’s 200th birthday. A Legend for the Legendary: The Origin of the Baseball Hall of Fame. The National Association of Baseball Ball Players were the founders of the […] Unfortunately, their ship didn’t arrive until 5:30 Sunday morning. But we can still recognize a man who contributed a lot […] April 17th was supposed to be a celebration. In the local newspaper, the Commercial Pacific Advertiser, editor J. H. Black wrote, “The library is not intended to be run for the benefit of any class, party, nationality, or sect.”. Arete - Derek Catsam “Careful analysis characterizes this striking new book evaluating the contribution of Alexander Cartwright to early baseball. Bowling Green State University Popular Press, 1990. A group of men, Cartwright among them, founded the Honolulu Library and Reading Room in 1879. Kamehameha reportedly took an immense interest in the department. In Hawaii, Cartwright spent a number of years working … Given Cartwright’s personal connection to the monarchy, it is also feasible that the Cartwright family attended a grand luau held at the queen’s home to honor the visitors on Sunday evening. As part of its customs and traditions, cornerstone ceremonies were held for the construction of new buildings. The only existing diaries are of Charles Gray and Cyrus Currier, in which no baseball is mentioned. He undoubtedly worked at his stationery and book store with his brother Alfred on Wall Street, volunteered in fighting fires when emergencies arose, spent time with his wife Eliza and two children, DeWitt and Mary, and kept playing base ball with the Knickerbockers. Cartwright began work in 1836 as a clerk at the age of sixteen in Coit & Cochrane, a broker’s office on Wall Street. Alexander Cartwright was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1938 in a “pioneers” category for the Veterans’ Committee ballot. The honorary president was King Kamehameha V. Their last dinner would be on May 2, 1872. Cartwright was a bookseller in Manhattan, and a volunteer fireman. These rules became the foundation for the modern game of baseball. The first firehouse that Cartwright was associated with was Oceana Hose Company No. In 1947 Robert W. Henderson published a book titled Bat, Ball, and Bishop, which gave evidence of Cartwright’s contributions. Often cited as a major contributor to the origins of modern American baseball, Alexander Cartwright was an influential member of the Knickerbocker Base Ball Club of New York City. In the 1840's a sportswriter in New York by the name of Alexander Joy Cartwright wrote down the rules. Cartwright’s name led the list of the first Board of Directors in 1879, and [he] remained on the board as long as he lived, giving the most generously of books.” Cartwright was a constant reader, frequently donating his own purchased books after he had read them. Alexander Cartwright. August 26, 1939, was “National Cartwright Day.” Ballplayers at Ebbets Field drank pineapple juice in a toast to Cartwright. [1] Cronkite School at ASU Ask baseball fans the name of their sport's founder, and most will answer "Abner Doubleday. Consequently, Alex went into the book-selling business with his brother Alfred on Wall Street. In a thorough examination of heretofore unearthed evidence, the author reveals how misreading and careless research established the myth of Cartwright’s single-handed creation of the baseball diamond and other basics of the modern game. In Spring 1845, Cartwright suggested to some friends that they organize into a formal club to play ball. Baseball was based on the English game of rounders. Phone: 602.496.1460 Unfortunately, no other diaries have surfaced from those who were with the Newark Overland Company. W.C. Parke formed Honolulu’s first Volunteer Fire Brigade in November of 1850 and not a day too soon, for that day a fire broke out and eleven homes were destroyed. Join SABR’s Golden Lineup to help us celebrate our 50th Anniversary! Two more children were born to Alexander and Eliza in Honolulu, Bruce in 1853 and Alexander III in 1855. DeWitt died in 1870 at age 26. Cartwright is not mentioned in any newspaper article or historical documents as to his involvement or even being in attendance when Spalding’s group arrived in Honolulu. He placed the bases 90 feet apart, he decided on 9 innings in a game, and he decided that there should be 9 players on each side. Yet neither is Cartwright. Alexander Cartwright. It was the first major league baseball game broadcast on television. However, the umpire’s signature line is blank. By March 1849, Alexander was off to California for adventure and hopes of striking it rich — unaware that he and Eliza had their third child on the way. Cartwright did not sign the umpire’s signature line, nor was he in the line up for the game. Alexander Cartwright had more than one dream. A passenger list dated November 13, 1851, for the American ship Eliza Warwick shows Mrs. Cartwright and her three children, DeWitt, Mary, and Kathleen, traveling to Honolulu from San Francisco. Alexander Cartwright: The Life behind the Baseball Legend by Monica Nucciarone (2009-06-01) Alexander Cartwright "The Father of Baseball" Alexander Joy Cartwright, Jr. was born in New York City on April 17, 1820, to Alexander Joy Cartwright, a merchant sea captain, and Esther Burlock Cartwright; he was one of seven children. The deflation of Alexander Cartwright as the sole founder or "father of the game" is the major purpose of Monica Nucciarone's biography, which both diminishes the legend and enlarges the man. For his efforts, Cartwright was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1938. In 2009, the author completed work on a book on Alexander Cartwright, published by the University of Nebraska Press. Alexander Joy Cartwright, chief codifier of the baseball rules from which the present rules were developed. As he told a journalist for an article in the magazine Paradise of the Pacific, “When I was a small boy it was my great joy to hear grandpa tell about the early days of baseball in New York and his adventures while crossing the continent.”. Cartwright Jr. wrote on April 23, 1849: “During the past week we have passed the time in fixing the wagon-covers, stowing away property etc. Bishop Museum (1849). In America’s National Game (1911), Spalding states that Cartwright was “one of the devotees of Base Ball…” To some this statement appears as though Spalding and Cartwright met and spoke with one another. Furukawa, S.F. American baseball pioneer. Alexander Joy Cartwright, Jr. (April 17, 1820 – July 12, 1892) is referred to as a "father of baseball".Cartwright is thought to be the first person to draw a diagram of a diamond-shaped baseball field, and the rules of the modern game are based on the Knickerbocker Rules developed by Cartwright and a committee from his club, the Knickerbocker Base Ball Club. Pitzer, Pat. A surveyor by profession, Cartwright was one of the founders of the Knickerbocker Base Ball Club, an organization of amateur players in New York City. Cartwright Diary Transcription. In 1938 Alexander Cartwright received the honor of being inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame for his contributions to the nationally played sport. [/fn] The solution to this awkward situation was to vote Cartwright into the Hall of Fame and name him the “Father of Modern Baseball,” implicitly adopting the combined version of Doubleday inventing and Cartwright perfecting baseball. Bruce Jr. wrote a letter to Arthur Alexander in 1938 referring to a letter written by his grandfather to Charles DeBost (1865) stating that he had in his “possession the original ball with which we used to play on Murray Hill. There were twenty rules adopted that day and, believe it or not, these are what has evolved into today's current rules. The myth that baseball was invented by Abner Doubleday has been widely spread since 1907 and even today is sometimes stated by such people as former Major League Baseball commissioner Bud Selig. At age 16, he began work as a bank clerk and played bat and ball games after hours with local volunteer firefighters. Three children were born to them: DeWitt (May 3, 1843, in New York), Mary (June 1, 1845, in New York), and Catherine (or Kathleen) Lee — who was known as “Kate Lee” (October 5, 1849, in New York during Cartwright’s venture to California and Hawaii). _____. Especially interesting would be hearing stories from a grandfather who talked about crossing the Wild West in search of gold and of playing a game that was played by boys and young men in the far away metropolis of Manhattan in New York. City and County of Honolulu. In 1845, Cartwright’s Knickerbockers moved across the Hudson River via ferry to play on the spacious Elysian Fields in Hoboken, N.J. William and Margery divorced, and William later married Anne and had two more children, daughter Anna and son Alexander J. Cartwright IV. There they found a roomy spot called Elysian Fields. varied by hunting and fishing, swimming and playing Base-ball. Alexander Joy Cartwright, Jr. (April 17, 1820 – July 12, 1892) is one of several people sometimes referred to as a "father of baseball". In 1947 Robert W. Henderson published a book titled Bat, Ball, and Bishop, which gave evidence of Cartwright’s contributions. We don’t know why the committee for the Hall of Fame chose these three rules and their wording for Cartwright’s plaque. The president was in favor. “Missionaries, Cartwright, and Spalding: The Development of Baseball in Nineteenth-Century Hawaii.” NINE: A Journal of Baseball History & Culture 2 (Spring 2002), 27-45. However, according to records at the Bishop Museum, it was Bruce’s cousin “Mary” who bequeathed her grandfather’s journal to the museum and stated that it was the “original.”. _____. Informal games played with a bat and ball, like the English game "rounders" were common, but Cartwright and his club wrote the first set of rules and regulations for baseball as we know it today. The game was held at the Elysian Fields, in Hoboken, New Alexander Cartwright is thought to have "invented" baseball in Hoboken, New Jersey at Elysian Fields in June 1845, when the first "game" was played. That’s the problem when you go back to the 1840s and 1850s to the development of what would eventually become professional baseball. Scribes were sometimes hired in nineteenth century Honolulu to transcribe important documents. One of the most misleading tributes to Cartwright’s contribution to baseball is the wording on his Hall of Fame plaque. The sponsors had originally named it the “Workingmen’s Library,” but felt that it needed a broader name to signify its true concept. “The Best of Friends.” Friends of the Library of Hawaii (1979). He also suggested eliminating the practice of “pegging” or hitting a base runner with the ball to force him out. The score sheets from that particular game are missing from the original Knickerbocker record books in the New York Public Library. Chicago: Contemporary Books, Inc, 1996. Could it be that while Bruce Cartwright Jr. was a young boy that his memories were colored by a child’s adoration of his grandfather? The first game of baseball under the Cartwright committee rules was played on June 19, 1846, on the old cricket grounds … It was Bruce Jr. who first wrote to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1936 about his grandfather and baseball. Alexander Cartwright and the members of his New York Knickerbocker Base Ball Club devised the first rules and regulations that were accepted for the modern game of baseball. Cartwright Family archives. The first public Masonic ceremony on the islands was at the laying of the hospital cornerstone in 1860. Parke was Honolulu’s first fire chief from that moment, but for unknown reasons, on December 27, 1850, King Kamehameha III passed an act in Privy Council that appointed Cartwright Chief Engineer of the Fire Department of the City of Honolulu. The first recorded baseball game in 1846 when Alexander Cartwright's Knickerbockers lost to the New York Baseball Club. Kahn, James M. The Umpire Story. Though Cartwright did not invent the game, he made many important advances and is considered the Father of Modern Baseball. In 1849, he fled New York for the California Gold Rush and later moved from there to Hawaii, where he taught baseball to residents and natives of the Sandwich Islands. Represent the all-time greats and know your purchase plays a part in preserving baseball history. Oral history handed down from Bruce Cartwright Jr. is that his grandfather paced out the diamond at Makiki Park, now named Cartwright Park in Honolulu. Alexander Joy Cartwright (April 17 1820 – July 12 1892) was officially credited by the United States Congress on June 3, 1953, with inventing the modern game of base ball. The documentation of Alexander Cartwright’s accomplishments in organizing the game of baseball as it is played today is all a matter of record. Alexander’s grandson, Bruce Cartwright Jr., typed a transcribed copy of it as late as the 1930s. “How did this guy write these rules 12 years after Alexander Cartwright and the New York Knickerbockers were already playing baseball?” Nelson boomed. Versions of baseball had been played long before this time. Bowman, a Honolulu photographer. At age 16, he began work as a bank clerk and played bat and ball games after hours with local volunteer firefighters. According to the typed transcription of the journal, A.J. Similar to cricket, it is a bat-and-ball game with each team consisting of 9 players. Knickerbocker Rules. In that copy Alexander is described leaving New York on March 1, 1849, to travel by train to St. Louis. In one of those transcriptions he reveals that the original diary was burned in 1893 and he “completed the narrative drawn from all available sources…” One of these transcriptions has A.J.C. And so are the research findings where Cartwright’s role in baseball history is concerned. departing on his journey on April 23rd, and playing baseball prior to departure. Alexander Cartwright’s Contribution to Baseball. One such vacant lot was on 27th Street and 4th Avenue (Madison Square at the time) and later at 34th Street and Lexington Avenue (Murray Hill). Resolution (1938). Receipts exist for dinners that are dated December 5, 1845, and are labeled with “Elysian Fields Hoboken for twenty dinners at $1.50 each for the Knickerbocker Base Ball Club.”. As the keepers of the Game’s history, the Hall of Fame helps you relive your memories and celebrate baseball history. Under his direction, the club drafted and adopted the first formalized set of rules for the game. It should be noted that those same historians have now set their sights on Cartwright, trying to discredit his role in the National Pastime. Cartwright served as the Knicks’ secretary in 1846 and then as their vice president from 1847-48. Barry Halper Collection (1865). His contributions to the game of baseball were formally recognized in 1939, when he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. He was not married and had no children. He also organized one of the first baseball clubs and inspired people to play baseball in the Pacific Coast area and Hawaii. Alexander Cartwright was involved with the library for the rest of his life, and was president from 1886 to 1892. Ardolino, Frank. Alexander Cartwright, Jr. Other than Abner Doubleday, perhaps no person associated with the beginnings of baseball is more celebrated yet disputed than Alexander Joy Cartwright Jr. No evidence exists for Abner Doubleday’s having anything to do with baseball. The park was originally called Makiki Park, where it was known as the first grounds used for playing baseball. A large pink granite monument in Oahu Cemetery (formerly Nuuanu Valley Cemetery) in Honolulu marks his final resting-place. Many baseball personalities, including Babe Ruth, have visited this spot to pay tribute. “Overthrow of the Monarchy.” Spirit of Aloha (May 1994). Cartwright Family archives. He took a baseball with him, and as he crossed the country by train, wagon, and on foot he spread the word about the burgeoning sport and the Knickerbocker rules at every opportunity. It is believed that Cartwright and his friends formed their baseball club in the early 1840s and named it after Manhattans volunteer Knickerbocker Engine Company. Florence McDonald, sailing for Hawaii on August 15, 1849 a Legend for the rest of his.... Some speculation exists that Cartwright was inducted into the baseball Hall of Fame by ferry to Hoboken New! Alex married Eliza Van Wie of Albany on June 2, 1872 this player ’ s passion. 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